Vaginitis is an inflammation of the bacteria, caused by an infection, a change in the normal balance of vaginal bacteria, or reduced estrogen levels after menopause.
What are the symptoms?
Symptoms include vaginal itching/irritation, painful urination, a change in the colour or smell of vaginal discharge, pain during intercourse and light vaginal bleeding. However these symptoms depend on the different types of vaginitis.
What are the different types?
- Bacterial vaginosis (due to an overgrowth of one of the organisms normally present in your vagina). Specific symptoms: a greyish white discharge with a strong smell.
- Yeast infections (due to a fungus called Candida albicans). Specific Symptoms: itching and a thick, white discharge.
- Trichomoniasis (due to a parasite often acquired through sexual intercourse) Specific symptoms: a greenish yellow discharge.
- Vaginal atrophy (atrophic vaginitis), which results from reduced estrogen levels after menopause.
While vaginitis does not usually have serious risks, in the case of pregnant women, it has been linked with premature babies and low birth-weight babies in pregnant women. Women with bacterial vaginosis or trichomoniasis have also been found to be more likely to suffer from HIV and other sexually transmitted infections.
How is it diagnosed?
To diagnose vaginitis, your doctor will probably review your medical history and perform a pelvic exam. Treatment for vaginitis varies based on the symptoms presented, and aims to target the specific cause. Examples include:
- Oral metronidazole tablets or metronidazole gel/clindamycin cream usually prescribed for Bacterial vaginosis
- Antifungal creams or oral antifungal medications for Yeast infections
- Estrogen (in the form of vaginal creams, tablets or rings) usually used to treat atrophic vaginitis
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Dr. Tahira Sadigova
Specialist in Obstetric Gynaecology
With her gentle manner and expert knowledge on all aspects of Obstetrics and Gynecology, it is little wonder that Dr Tahira is in great demand among the UAE’s female population. Dr Tahira has worked in many countries including Uzbekistan, Russia and Germany before she relocated to the UAE. Dr.Tahira speaks several languages English, Russian, Turkish, Arabic, Uzbekistani, Kazakhstani, Kirgizstan and Turkestan.Read more