Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are usually passed on through sexual contact, although some may also be transmitted non-sexually, e.g. from mother to baby during pregnancy, or through blood infusions or shared needles.
What are the symptoms?
The range of symptoms of STIs include:
- Sores or bumps on the genitals, oral or rectal area
- Painful urination
- Discharge from the penis
- Unusual vaginal discharge with an unpleasant smell
- Vaginal bleeding
- Pain during sex
- Sore, swollen lymph nodes
- Lower abdominal pain
- Rash over the trunk, hands or feet
What STDs are transmitted through sexual intercourse?
It is possible to acquire STDs from individuals who may not even be aware that they have an STD, as symptoms can often go unnoticed, and may not even present themselves. Sexually transmitted infections can be caused by Bacteria (gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia), Parasites (trichomoniasis) or Viruses (human papillomavirus, genital herpes, HIV).
Should you get checked if you are sexually active?
While screening for every single type of STI is not a routine part of health care, everyone between the ages of 15-65 should be screened for HIV, and pregnant women should be screened for HIV, Hepatits B, chalmydia and syphilis. Moreover, doctors may recommend other tests for people who appear to be at a higher risk of getting an STI.
What treatment is available?
Treatment usually consists of Antibiotics or antiviral drugs, depending on the type of infection.
If you have had an STI, it important to ask your doctor about being retested after treatment as this helps confirm that the treatment has been effective. Moreover, you should also inform your sexual partners so that they too can get tested and treated.
Check out our specialist doctor’s profile
Dr. Tahira Sadigova
Specialist in Obstetric Gynaecology
With her gentle manner and expert knowledge on all aspects of Obstetrics and Gynecology, it is little wonder that Dr Tahira is in great demand among the UAE’s female population. Dr Tahira has worked in many countries including Uzbekistan, Russia and Germany before she relocated to the UAE. Dr.Tahira speaks several languages English, Russian, Turkish, Arabic, Uzbekistani, Kazakhstani, Kirgizstan and Turkestan.Read more