Generally, a child’s immune system fights against infections; however, if a child has allergies, his/her immune system tries to fight against things that are harmless for the body e.g. pets, pollen, certain foodS and medication. Paediatric immunology involves treating children who suffer from such allergies/ have problems with their immune system.

Allergies

What are the most common childhood allergies?

Aside from asthma (see section below) these include:
  • Hay fever
  • Sinusitis
  • Eczema
  • Hives
  • Severe reactions to foods, insect stings, and medications
  • Immune disorders that lead to the following:
    • Frequent sinusitis, pneumonia, or diarrhoea
    • Thrush and recurring abscesses
    • Severe, unusual infections

Asthma

What is Asthma?

Asthma is one of the most common chronic medical conditions among children. Asthma is a respiratory condition.

What causes Asthma?

It is caused by your airways narrowing and swelling, and producing extra mucus.

What are the symptoms and side effects of the illness?

Children experience difficulty in breathing, as well as coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath. The degree of these symptoms associated with asthma can vary, and certain individuals may experience life-threatening attacks.

How can Asthma be treated?

The best way to control your symptoms and avoid attacks is to take your medication exactly as prescribed by doctors, and stay away from the triggers that cause your attacks; these can vary from person to person.