Inflammatory Bowel Disease, commonly known as IBD, is a chronic inflammation of the digestive tract. Common manifestations include Ulcerative Colitis (an IBD that leads to ulcers in the inner lining of the large intestine and rectum) and Crohn’s Disease (an IBD that leads to the inflammation of the digestive tract lining). Much like IBS, the symptoms of IBDs can vary and treatment will be necessary with more severe cases.
What are the symptoms of IBD?
- Abdominal pain and cramping
- Nausea and vomiting
- Blood in the stool
- Lack of energy
- Lack of appetite and unintended weight loss
How is IBD diagnosed and treated?
After more serious conditions have been ruled out, a diagnosis of IBD can be given. A number of procedures can be used to confirm the diagnosis, including:
- Blood tests
- Endoscopic procedures
- Imaging procedures
Unfortunately there is no cure for IBD; however, after a diagnosis has been received, there are several treatment options available. These include:
- Diet and Lifestyle Changes
There are a number of simple changes to lifestyle that can greatly improve the symptoms of IBD, such as:
- Avoiding fiber, caffeine, alcohol, and spices
- Regular exercise and meditation practices
- Biofeedback – a stress reduction technique using a feedback machine
- Medications and Surgery
When symptoms are more severe, further treatment options may be necessary and can include:
- Anti-inflammatory drugs
- Immune system suppressors
- Iron and vitamin supplements
- Pain-relievers and anti-diarrhoeal medication
If these treatments do not reduce the symptoms of IBD, then surgery may be required. Dr Zafar will discuss in great detail the options available for each personalised case, and you can be safe in the knowledge that you are in expert hands.
Check out our specialist’s profile
Dr. Zafar Quader
Consultant in Gastroenterology
Dr. Zafar Quader is a consultant Gastroenterologist, with more than 20 years of experience. He completed his medical training and gastroenterology fellowship in Chicago, Illinois. Dr. Zafar has been in clinical practice and involved in clinical research in St. Louis, Missouri since 1995 and moved to Dubai in 2015. Dr. Quader provides individualized care to all adult patients with gastrointestinal disorders.Read more