Whatever age your child is, what he or she eats is of vital importance to his/her growth, development and overall physical and mental health. Our paediatric department can offer expert advice to parents who are in need of support or guidance about healthy eating.
At Euromed Clinic Center, we believe it is vital to nurture all children nutritionally, physically and emotionally, and support each family toward good nutrition. Dr Lali and her team can help your family to plan and achieve nutritional goals, ensuring that your food is positively impacting every member of your family’s life.
Eating disorders are characterised by an abnormal attitude towards food that causes someone to change their eating habits and behaviour. A person with an eating disorder may focus excessively on their weight and shape, leading them to make unhealthy choices about food with damaging results to their health. Eating disorders include a range of conditions that can affect someone physically, psychologically and socially. Often due to peer pressure or poor body image, teenagers can be susceptible to developing eating orders. Thankfully, our paediatric department is on hand to advise parents on how to cope with this modern-day challenge.
What are the most common eating disorders?
The most common disorders are:
- Anorexia nervosa – when a person tries to keep their weight as low as possible; for example, by starving themselves or exercising excessively
- Bulimia – when a person goes through periods of binge eating and is then deliberately sick or uses laxatives (medication to help empty the bowels) to try to control their weight
- Binge eating disorder (BED) – when a person feels compelled to overeat large amounts of food in a short space of time
Some people, particularly those who are young, may be diagnosed with an eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS). This means you have some, but not all, of the typical signs of eating disorders like anorexia or bulimia.
Who suffers from eating disorders?
Around 1 in 250 women and 1 in 2,000 men will experience anorexia nervosa at some point. The condition usually develops around the age of 16 or 17. Bulimia is around two to three times more common than anorexia nervosa, and 90% of people with the condition are female. It usually develops around the age of 18 or 19. Binge eating affects males and females equally and usually appears later in life, between the ages of 30 and 40. As it’s difficult to precisely define binge eating, it’s not clear how widespread it is, but it’s estimated to affect around 5% of the adult population.
What causes eating disorders?
Eating disorders are often blamed on the social pressure to be thin, as young people in particular feel they should look a certain way. However, the causes are usually more complex. An eating disorder may be associated with biological, genetic or environmental factors combined with a particular event that triggers the disorder. There may also be other factors that maintain the illness.
Risk factors that can increase the likelihood of a person having an eating disorder include:
- Having a family history of eating disorders, depression or substance misuse
- Being criticised for their eating habits, body shape or weight
- Being overly concerned with being slim, particularly if combined with pressure to be slim from society
- Certain underlying characteristics – for example, having an obsessive personality, an anxiety disorder, low self-esteem or being a perfectionist
- Particular experiences, such as sexual or emotional abuse or the death of someone special
- Difficult relationships with family members or friends
- Stressful situations – for example, problems at work, school or university
How can I spot an eating disorder?
It can often be very difficult to identify that a loved one or friend has developed an eating disorder. Warning signs to look out for include:
- Missing meals
- Complaining of being fat, even though they have a normal weight or are underweight
- Repeatedly weighing themselves and looking at themselves in the mirror
- Making repeated claims that they’ve already eaten, or they’ll shortly be going out to eat somewhere else, and avoiding eating at home
- Cooking big or complicated meals for other people, but eating little or none of the food themselves
- Only eating certain low-calorie foods in your presence, such as lettuce or celery
- Feeling uncomfortable or refusing to eat in public places, such as at a restaurant
- The use of “pro-anorexia” websites
It can be difficult to know what to do if you’re concerned about a friend or family member. It’s not unusual for someone with an eating disorder to be secretive and defensive about their eating and their weight, and they may deny being unwell.
How are eating disorders treated?
Treatment for eating disorders is available, although recovery can take a long time. It is important that the person affected wants to get better, and the support of family and friends is invaluable. Treatment usually involves monitoring a person’s physical health while helping them deal with the underlying psychological causes. This may involve:
- Using self-help manuals and books, possibly under guidance from a therapist or another healthcare professional
- Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) – therapy that focuses on changing how a person thinks about a situation, which in turn will affect how they act
- Interpersonal psychotherapy – a talking therapy that focuses on relationship-based issues
- Dietary counselling – a talking therapy to help a person maintain a healthy diet
- Psychodynamic therapy or cognitive analytic therapy (CAT) – therapy that focuses on how a person’s personality and life experiences influence their current thoughts, feelings, relationships and behaviour
- Family therapy – therapy involving the family discussing how the eating disorder has affected them and their relationships